Tab to call Book Online

clock Mon - Sat : 9 am - 8 pm / Sun : 9 am - 6 pm

Gum Pain Gum Pain

Gum pain and gum bleeding causes

There are numerous causes of gum pain. Some of the more common reasons can be listed as:

  • Bleeding gum as a result of gingivitis. This is due to the build-up of plaque on the teeth. After a hygiene visit, the bleeding on the gum stops as long as effective oral hygiene is maintained.
  • Pain and swelling of the gum due to periodontal disease. In periodontal disease, there is an irreversible loss of bone loss around the root of the teeth that gradually causes a tooth getting loose or wobbly. The loss of bone creates what is known as pockets, allowing the collection of bacteria and plaque or calculus. This can result in the formation of abscesses or cysts around the root of teeth.
  • Another form of severe gum pain is due to the formation of ulcers on the gum and other parts of the mouth. They are usually stress related and they are more common when one feels run down. It needs assessment by professional and local treatment. They are expected to heal within 3 weeks. If not need further assessment.
  • Acute Necrotising Ulcerative Gum condition (ANUG) is another form of gum condition that can cause severe pain. It is usually seen in the front of the mouth and causes irreversible damage and loss of the papillae (the small triangular shaped gum that fills the spaces between the teeth). It is very much stress related and is more common in people that have a lot of plaque and calculus build ups and smoke. The loss of the gum results in the formation of a space between the teeth, known as black triangles, and is irreversible. Urgent assessment and treatment are needed by the professionals.

Painful and swollen gum

If your gums become swollen, they may protrude or bulge out. Swelling in your gums usually begins where the gum meets the tooth. Your gums may become so swollen, however, that they begin to hide parts of your teeth. Swollen gums appear red instead of their normal pink colour.

Swollen gums, also called gingival swelling, are often irritated, sensitive, or painful. You may also notice that your gums bleed more easily when brushing or flossing your teeth

Gum pain in the back of mouth and wisdom teeth

Gum pain in the back of the mouth and around the wisdom teeth might be a sign of infection called pericoronitis. Pericoronitis is an infection where bacteria from food, plaque and other debris become trapped in between the space of the impacted tooth and the gum. If untreated, this infection can spread toward the throat or into the neck.

Gum pain relief

There are some simple ways to relieve the pain associated with gums. These include:

  • Rinse your mouth with warm salt water.
  • Use only toothbrushes with soft or extra-soft bristles.
  • Use over-the-counter painkillers as directed.
  • Mouthwashes containing hydrogen peroxide
  • Gels that you apply directly to the sore gums.

These can relieve painful gums temporarily but if you want to resolve the issue long-term, make an appointment with us so that we can investigate and treat the underlying causes.

Bleeding gum treatment and gum disease

If you have gum disease, your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth and you may have bad breath. This early stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis.

If gingivitis isn’t treated, a condition called periodontitis can develop. This affects more tissues that support teeth and hold them in place. If periodontitis isn’t treated, the bone in your jaw may be damaged and small spaces can open up between the gum and teeth. Your teeth can become loose and may eventually fall out.

It is important that you book an appointment with us now so that we can treat any underlying causes of bleeding gum and gum disease.

Bleeding gums in pregnancy and stress

High levels of stress can affect your oral health in a number of ways. First, stress increases inflammation in your body, which makes your gums more likely to bleed. Too much stress also reduces your immune system’s functionality, making it more difficult for your body to fight infection and to heal.

About half of pregnant women have swollen, red, tender gums that bleed when flossed or brushed. This gum inflammation is pregnancy gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease. Pregnancy gingivitis is partly caused by hormonal changes that make your gums more sensitive to the bacteria in plaque. If you are pregnant and have bleeding gums, make an appointment with us so that we can advise on the best treatment.