There are numerous causes of gum pain. Some of the more common reasons can be listed as:
If your gums become swollen, they may protrude or bulge out. Swelling in your gums usually begins where the gum meets the tooth. Your gums may become so swollen, however, that they begin to hide parts of your teeth. Swollen gums appear red instead of their normal pink colour.
Swollen gums, also called gingival swelling, are often irritated, sensitive, or painful. You may also notice that your gums bleed more easily when brushing or flossing your teeth
Gum pain in the back of the mouth and around the wisdom teeth might be a sign of infection called pericoronitis. Pericoronitis is an infection where bacteria from food, plaque and other debris become trapped in between the space of the impacted tooth and the gum. If untreated, this infection can spread toward the throat or into the neck.
There are some simple ways to relieve the pain associated with gums. These include:
These can relieve painful gums temporarily but if you want to resolve the issue long-term, make an appointment with us so that we can investigate and treat the underlying causes.
If you have gum disease, your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth and you may have bad breath. This early stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis.
If gingivitis isn’t treated, a condition called periodontitis can develop. This affects more tissues that support teeth and hold them in place. If periodontitis isn’t treated, the bone in your jaw may be damaged and small spaces can open up between the gum and teeth. Your teeth can become loose and may eventually fall out.
It is important that you book an appointment with us now so that we can treat any underlying causes of bleeding gum and gum disease.
High levels of stress can affect your oral health in a number of ways. First, stress increases inflammation in your body, which makes your gums more likely to bleed. Too much stress also reduces your immune system’s functionality, making it more difficult for your body to fight infection and to heal.
About half of pregnant women have swollen, red, tender gums that bleed when flossed or brushed. This gum inflammation is pregnancy gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease. Pregnancy gingivitis is partly caused by hormonal changes that make your gums more sensitive to the bacteria in plaque. If you are pregnant and have bleeding gums, make an appointment with us so that we can advise on the best treatment.